Impuesto a los alimentos con grasas en Dinamarca

Ya es oficial, el impuesto a las grasas en Dinamarca gravará a todos aquellos alimentos con grasa según el baremo preparado, se paga una tasa de dos euros por kg de grasa saturada en cualquier tipo de carne, por lo que el impuesto será más elevado en las carnes que más grasa contengan, como por ejemplo la de cerdo. Se gravan todos aquellos alimentos cuyo contenido en grasa saturada exceda el 2’3%, alimentos preparados, quesos, mantequilla, pastelería, etc.

Toca Comer. Prohibidas las grasas trans en Dinamarca. Marisol Collazos Soto

En esta orden ejecutiva, los ácidos grasos trans se definen como la suma de todos los iśomeros de ácidos grasos con 14, 16, 18, 20 y 22 átomos de carbono y uno o más enlaces dobles por ej.:  ácidos grasos trans isoméricos C14:1, C16:1, C18:1, C18:2, C18:3, C20:1, C20:2, C22:1, C22:2, pero solo ácidos grasos poliinsaturados con dobles enlaces de metileno-interrumpido.

Seguidamente se indica en inglés, lo más destacado de la ley:

Part 1 – Scope

    1. This Executive Order shall apply to oils and fats, including emulsions with fat as the continuous phase, which, either alone or as part of processed foods, are intended for human consumption or must be assumed to be intended for human consumption.
    2. This Executive Order shall not cover any naturally occurring content of trans fatty acids in animal fats or products governed by other legislation.
    3. This Executive Order shall solely cover sale to consumers.
  1. It shall be prohibited to sell the oils and fats covered by this Executive Order if such oils and fats have a higher content of the trans fatty acids defined in the Annex than indicated in article 3.
    1. From 1 June 2003, the content of trans fatty acids in the oils and fats covered by this Executive Order shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of oil or fat, but see subarticle (2).
    2. From 1 June 2003 to 31 December 2003, the content of trans fatty acids in the oils and fats covered by this Executive Order which are part of processed foods in which food ingredients other than oils and fats are also contained, and which are manufactured in the food industry, the retail trade, catering businesses, restaurants, institutions, bakeries etc. may, however, be up to 5 grams of trans fatty acids per 100 grams of oil or fat.
  2. In products claimed to be «free of trans fatty acids», the content of trans fatty acids shall be less than 1 gram per 100 grams of the individual oil or the individual fat in the finished product.

Part 2 – Penalty provisions etc.

    1. Any person violating the provisions in article 2 and article 4 of this Executive Order shall be liable to a fine.
    2. The penalty may increase to imprisonment for up to two years if the violation was intentional or grossly negligent, or if by the violation
      1. damage to health has been caused, or danger of such damage has been caused; or
      2. a financial gain, including by means of savings, has been achieved or has been intended to be achieved for the person concerned or others.
    3. Companies etc. (legal persons) may incur criminal liability according to the rules in Part 5 of the Danish Penal Code.
    1. This Executive Order shall enter into force on 31 March 2003.
    2. Products manufactured before the entry into force of this Executive Order and products manufactured within the period indicated in article 3(2) may be sold until expiry of the best before date.

Fuente: tfx


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